Jewellery Glossary S

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U-Z

Sapphire

A sapphire is a variety of the corundum mineral. It is considered one of the most beautiful and precious gemstones because of its splendid deep blue color. Sapphires can be found naturally in sediments and rock formations or they can be produced by industrial means

Sapphire

Shank

The shank of a ring is the body or band which does not include the head, it is often the part that wears over years due to rubbing on surfaces and can be replaced by cutting away the very bottom of the shank and adding another piece of the same metal.

Shank

S Hook Clasp

The S Hook jewellery clasp is made up of a full S on one end and a half S on the other and when they are slid into each other the weight of the item is enough to hold them in place. It is most common on Necklaces and the S Closures are most secure when they have very tight openings.

 

Signet Ring

A signet ring is defined by a pattern or inscribing on the top or head of the item. It can be just a decorative piece or have a deeper meaning like signifying that one belongs to a club or is a person of standing in ancient society.

Signet Ring

Silver

Silver is a precious metal of a grey-white color that is widely used in decorative art and jewellery making. It presents many unique attributes having the highest electrical conductivity, being the most reflective of all metals and has the highest thermal conductivity. Pure silver tends to be too soft for jewellery making so often 7.5% of copper and other materials are added to form sterling silver.

Silver

Simulant or Simulated

Whenever the term simulated is used in jewellery it refers to less expensive items that aim to look like much more expensive and exclusive items. High quality cubic zirconia's are often described as simulated diamonds or other precious gems.

Simulant or Simulated

Single Cut Diamond

A single cut is an old type of diamond faceting used primarily in the middle ages when technology did not allow for more intricate brilliants that we see today. It is also known as an eight cut and it involves giving the precious stone a relatively simple round form with 16-17 facets.

 

Sleeper Earrings

Virtually any earring style can be sleepers as long as they are thin and relatively small so as not to cause discomfort while the head is asleep on a pillow or bed. The most common tend to be small hoops that are thin and free of anything that may stick the skin or small studs.

Sleeper Earrings

Snake Chain

The snake chain is characterised by having a link design that imitates the skin of a serpent. The links have a curved round flat form that are tightly combined to give a sleek slithering appearance which can be used to make bracelets or necklaces.

Snake Chain

Snap Bar Closure

The snap bar closure is a mechanism that consists of a hinged bar that can be lifted up and down and then inserted into a small u shaped enclosure in order to safely attach the item to the body.

Snap Bar Closure

Snap Lock Clasp

The snap lock jewellery clasp is primarily used on bracelets and less commonly on necklaces as 2 free hands are usually required to open or close this mechanism. It consists of 2 ends, 1 female which is brought over the male and then closed firmly shut with 2 ridges just allowing enough room for the clasp to pass over but not enough to let it easily release.

 

Solitaire

Solitaire is a term used when a single gemstone is fitted on a piece of jewellery without any other add-ons. This setting allows a feature piece to shine with the maximum amount of light let in and then in turn reflected out.

Solitaire

South Sea Pearl

The south sea pearl is a variety of the baroque pearl, the irregular non-spherical pearl. It can be found in the shells of an oyster called Pinctada Maxima and it’s currently the most cultivated sea pearl in the world. The south sea pearl can have a silver or golden hue.

South Sea Pearl

Spectrolite

The spectrolite is a variety feldspar, a mineral used in creating decorative art and is similar in look to opals in the way the colours shimmer. The spectrolite has a rich and beautiful play of colours ranging from blue to red and yellow.

Spectrolite

Spring Ring Clasp

The spring ring clasp is a mechanism used for securing pieces of jewellery, usually 2 ends of a chain to form a fine necklace. It consists of a hollowed circular tube equipped with a spring loaded latch inside that can be pulled back to open then let go to close and secure the item.

 

Spring Ring Clasp

Stack Ring

A stack ring or stackable are slim rings that can be worn alone or together to either form the appearance of one large decorative item or to hold another larger item in place. They can be ideal to hold an item that maybe just a tad too big to stay on by itself or of late they have become fashion items in their own right.

Stack Ring

Stamping

Stamping is a term used in jewellery making to describe the process of striking shapes, designs or messages into a metal piece. It is the process where personalised names or initials can be hammered into an object, this type of jewellery is very popular right now.

 

Step Cut

As the name suggest the step cut involves a gem being shaped in such a way that it has layers that go upwards towards its top as opposed to multi facets that go in all directions.

Step Cut

Strap Necklace

A strap necklace is a neck accessory that consists of a string or a strip of cloth, it may or may not have a medallion or pendant attached.

Strap Necklace

Stud Earrings

The most common stud type earrings are those that are attached to the ear via a post and butterfly clasp and the face does not protrude over the lobe. Studs can be ball type, diamond or cubic zirconia simulated stones to name but just a few possibilities.

Stud Earrings

Sunstone

The sunstone is a variety of the feldspar mineral with a translucent orange to pink hue that sparkles or shimmers when light hits it thus making it suitable for the use as a semi precious gemstone.

Sunstone