Jewellery Glossary P

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U-Z

Padlock Fastening

The Padlock fastening is very common in vintage pieces and is still used today with many belcher chain bracelet and necklace sets. The shackle usually connects the ends of a chain and when locked forms a closure, many are shaped as hearts with the love theme prevalent.

Padlock Fastening

Parrot clasp

A parrot clasp is a mechanism used for securing chains and is usually spring loaded so when the item is put through a jump ring the parrots beak closes hard against the head forming a very steadfast closure. It is most commonly used with bracelets and necklaces.

 

Parrot clasp

Patina

Patina is a thin green layer that forms by oxidation on some surfaces made from bronze, copper, metals and even wood. Due to its jade green color, patina is sometimes regarded as adding to the aesthetic value of ornamental objects.

Patina

Pave

A pave setting involves numerous gems of similar size laid onto a surface and held in place by what is or appears to be tiny setting stones again of similar size, the result is a "pavement" of jewels that cover the surface,

Pavé

Pear Cut Diamond

Pear cut diamonds which are sometimes referred to as teardrops are cut in such a away as to give them the appearance of a round elongated pear shape. This cut tends to be reserved for large size stones and can also be the base of a heart shape by cutting out a cleft from the bottom.

Pear Cut Diamond

Pearl

A pearl is a hard spherical entity usually a silvery white colour that forms inside the shell of a mollusc. Although it’s regarded as being one of the most beautiful gemstones it is not actually a mineral as it is made by layers of Nacre that is secreted then hardened by the host.

Pearl

Pendant Necklaces

A necklace can be made out of anything but the most common in classic jewellery is the chain and these can be stand alone or adorned with a Pendant. The pendant again can be anything but it is usually a focal piece that hangs down from the links under its own weight.

Pendant Necklaces

Pendants

Pendants receive their name from the Latin verb "pendere” that literally means to hang down. They are normally associated with necklaces but are also used to described some long "pendant" like earrings. The most common necklace size for pendants tends to be around 45cm in length that sits close to the neck but no on it like a choker.

Pendants

Peridot

Peridot is a semi-precious gemstone that has a bright olive green color and although similar in appearance to an emerald it is much more common and therefore has less value.

Peridot

Personalised Jewellery or Name Jewellery

Personalised Jewellery or name jewellery represents a distinct type of ornaments that have a personal connection with the wearer. They can be made from various materials and they usually contain the name or the initials of the wearer.

Personalised Jewellery or Name Jewellery

Plating

Plating is a process in which a conductive surface is covered with a metal in order to improve certain attributes of the involved items. Industrially, coating is used to alter the conductivity, friction and durability of a surface. Jewellers often plate accessories in gold or silver to improve their appeal.

Plating

Platinum

Platinum is a precious and very expensive metal that has a most remarkable resistance to corrosion even in extreme conditions and is therefore sometimes used to plate silver items so they won't tarnish.

Platinum

Precious Four Gems

The precious four gems also named the “Big four” in jewellery are diamonds, emeralds, rubies and sapphires. Amethyst once made up the big 5, but now that larger deposits have been found it is no longer nearly as valuable.

Precious Four Gems

Precious Metal

A precious metal is the common term given to a metallic chemical element that is very rare and hard to find in nature. It is not only the scarcity of the metal that gives its value but also its beauty, resistance to corrosion and other unique properties.

Precious Metal

Princess Cut Diamond

One of the more popular cuts of today the princess cut diamond has a square shape with multi facets and will resemble a pyramid when seen from below. Due to its angled corners it does tend to pick up dirt a little quicker than most however it can be cleaned easily.

Princess Cut Diamond

Princess Length Necklace

This tends to be 45 to 50 cm in length or 18 to 20 inches in the old scale. It is so named because it is very popular with young ladies although now this length tends to be the most common for wearing with pendants on all ages. It will sit longer than a choker, about a hands width down from the throat.

 

Promise Ring

A promise ring marks a commitment to another person or a relationship, the most popular are pre-engagement rings that are offered as a gift between couples pending a marriage proposal.

Promise Ring

Prong

Prongs are can be best described as small metal claw arms that are constructed in such a way to secure gemstones or other simulants. They are the most popular way to secure gems onto rings, earring or pendants as they can be constructed in such a way as to let in maximum light which can in turn be reflected out of the gem for that special sparkle.

Prong