Jewellery Glossary G

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U-Z

Garnet

Is a hard red transparent gemstone and because of its properties is not only used for creating beautiful ornaments but also as an abrasive material. Although red or brown is the most common color, this gemstone can also be found in tones of yellow, pink, orange, purple or black. The blue garnet is the most rare and precious.

Garnet

Gem

The gem or gemstone describes a rare mineral used primarily in jewellery for its fine aesthetic properties. The distinction between precious and semi-precious is given by their rarity and although gems often look plain in their raw form, polishing and faceting enhances their allure and value.

Gem

Gemstone

A gemstone is a mineral with distinct qualities of durability, rarity and beauty that make it desirable for the purpose of making jewellery. Although some materials like pearl and amber are not minerals they are still regarded as gemstones because they carry similar attributes.

Gemstone

Gilding

Gilding is a process where the surface of an object is covered in fine gold leaf or a fine gold powder on a metal, wood or stone surface. The result is a “gilded” object that looks like it’s made of solid gold, while at the same time retaining the attributes of the original material.

Gilding

Gilt

A “gilt” is used to describe something that is covered in gold or has a golden aspect. Examples include adornments on frames of classic paintings or for aesthetic beauty as plating on jewellery.

Gilt

Gold

Gold is highly precious and rare metal having a rich, lustrous yellow-brown color and can have industrial or aesthetic applications like that found in jewellery. It is measured in karats for purity, 24 karats being 100% gold, while 18 karats is 75% pure. Since the beginning of human history it has been looked upon as a symbol of wealth and opulence.

Gold

Gold Bracelet

A gold bracelet is a wrist accessory made from gold a very precious metal. This type of adornment can appear in a multitude of models, from intricate, complex designs to simple links joined together and it can be worn by both males and females.

Gold Bracelet

Gold Earrings

Are ear ornaments made from gold that represent a fashionable accessory as well as valuable pieces of jewellery. Due to the high density and cost of this material many are made very fine or even hollow to keep the weight down for comfort and to make them more affordable.

Gold Earrings

Gold Fill

Gold filled jewellery is also known as rolled gold due to the mechanical application of the precious metal using a procedure that involves heat and pressure. In the USA there are strict definition for what can be called Gold Fill, however of late the term has been widely abused and simple gold plate is often called the much more valuable "Gold Fill".

Gold Fill

Gold Jewellery

For 1000's of years Gold has been used for creating jewellery due to its rarity, beauty and as a store of value. In its purest form it is an inert material that won't irritate making it ideal for objects that are worn close to the skin.

Gold Jewellery

Gold Necklace

A gold necklace is an accessory designed to be worn around the neck with the specification that its primary material is gold. It can appear in various shapes and sizes, fitted for casual outfits or elegant gowns and can be worn by both men and women.

Gold Necklace

Gold Pendant

A gold pendant is an adornment fabricated from the valuable metal as the name implies.

Gold Pendant

Gold Plate

Plated items involves a fine coating of the precious metal to give the look, feel and general appearance of a pure gold item. Depending on the quality of the layer deposited onto a piece of jewellery the item may last months, years or even a lifetime.

Gold Plate

Gold Ring

Gold rings have come to symbolise the bond of a relationship and are worn for engagements, marriage and of course just for pure aesthetics. They range from simple bands to decorative items with large and expensive gem stones including diamonds.

Gold Ring

Gold Tone

Gold tone can refer to any object that has the appearance of the pure metal even if there is zero gold material present although usually there is at least a fine coating or plating.

Gold Tone

Gold Washed

Are objects dipped or brushed with a very fine layer of the pure metal to obtain a look like gold, as it is less than .175 microns thick it is not a durable application and will usually wear off rather quickly.

Gold Washed

Gram

The gram is a metric unit of measure where there is approximately 28 grams to an ounce the standard unit for gold and silver.

 

Green Gold

Green gold is the result of combining naturally occurring yellow gold with silver and cadmium to give a very subtle greenish tint to this precious metal. It is definitely not brightly green as the name would suggest and is in fact so subtle that it is really only noticeable when put next to vivid white or yellow.

Green Gold

Guard Chain

A guard chain is a small link chain or band that can be found in accessories such as bracelets and wrist watches to secure the item in the event that the main clasp fails, it was very popular in past decades but with the advent of more reliable fixtures now it is less prevalent.

Guard Chain