Jewellery Glossary F

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U-Z

Face

Refers to a flat polished surface on an ornament or a piece of stone. Hard stones and gems like diamonds and rubies are cut and polished in order to have multiple facets ( or faces) thus increasing their beauty, sparkle and value.

Face

Faceted

Is an attribute of a processed gemstone that has been cut and polished in order to have multiple flat surfaces. This is a process usually reserved for hard stones like diamonds, sapphires, rubies, emeralds, materials that are unlikely to be scratched.

Faceted

Facets

A facet is a flat small surface found on a cut gemstone. Faceting a stone can raise its value considerably as this process enhances some of the most appreciated attributes, such as transparency and clarity, allowing light to refract in the most appealing way possible.

Facets

Fancy Cut Diamonds

There are several famous or fancy cuts that can be applied to Diamonds, including: - Round, Princess, Emerald, Asscher, Marquise, Oval, Radiant, Pear, Heart and the Cushion. They have been designed to use the cut surfaces or facets to reflect light in such a way as to maximise the beauty and the value of the stone.

 

Fashion Jewellery

Also known as costume, fashion jewellery represents items that can appear quite real at a fraction of the cost of the pure item. With today's technology high quality fashion items are virtually indistinguishable from the very expensive items that they imitate.

Fashion Jewellery

Faux

Faux is a term originating in France and it’s used to describe an artificial replica of an object or an imitation. Faux jewellery resembles the beauty of genuine jewellery and such ornaments can be acquired for only a fraction of the price although the lower quality of the materials used makes them wear out often within a year or two.

Faux

Figaro Chain

This chain is characterised by having short standard links, usually 3 but can be more or less, then followed by one elongated link of the same style. They are very popular as bracelets and necklaces of either sex, with the bigger items in favour with men.

Figaro Chain

Filligree

Filigree is an ornamental decorative jewellery pattern made from wire or beads they imitates lacework. It can be made from any metal and is often seen in gold or silver.

Filligree

Fine Jewellery

Fine Jewellery is a term applied to pieces of adornment that have high quality and beauty, they are usually made from precious materials like silver, gold, gemstones or pearls.

Fine Jewellery

Fish Hook Earring Clasp

The fish hook earring clasp is a method of attaching an earring by using a shaped wire that penetrates the lobe and returns through the back far enough so that the total weight is balanced and the item is therefore well secured.

Fish Hook Earring Clasp

Flaw

Flaw is a term used in jewellery to describe an imperfection in a precious or semiprecious stone. An example of a common flaw can be an inclusion that affects the stone clarity or resistance. Imperfections make precious stones unique, but they also decrease their value.

 

FOB

The fob is a small decorative or even practical item that is suspended from a chain. Examples of fobs can be: a keychain, a seal, dog tags or personalised names which have become very popular over recent times.

FOB

French Wire Hook Earring clasp

The French wire hook is an open ended earring clasp that relies on friction from the earring hole and gravity from the counter weight of the earring body to secure the piece of jewellery in place.

French Wire Hook Earring clasp

Fresh Water Pearl

Fresh water pearls are cultivated by placing a nucleus inside a molusc and then harvesting it 6 to 12 months later, as they are easier to manage and can grow up to 50 per oyster they are a fraction of the price of their sea water equivalents.

Fresh Water Pearl

Friction Back Earring Clasp

This type of clasp is so named because when the post is inserted in a backing, the close fit which is usually associated with a ridge, will provide enough resistance when moved to stay in place. A variety of this is the butterfly clasp, a very common closure for stud type earrings.

Friction Back Earring Clasp

Friendship Bracelets

This is a very popular bracelet among younger people to signify an event or perhaps a trip and is usually brightly coloured or otherwise a little different. They can be made from woven cotton, leather or beads and are quite inexpensive.

Friendship Bracelets

Full Cut Diamond

A full cut diamond has a standard of 57 to 58 facets when in its round form, which enhances its beauty by giving it multiple angles from which to reflect light out, because of the large number of faces it is generally only reserved for larger stones.

Full Cut Diamond