Jewellery Glossary C

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U-Z

Cabochon

The term cabochon refers to a gemstone that has been polished rather than cut or faceted and therefore has a rounded top which is often seen in rings or as pendants.

Cabochon

Carat

Carat is a unit of mass for precious stones like diamonds and pearls (1 carat = 200 milligrams). It is not the same as Karat which is a measure of purity for gold.

 

Carat versus Karat

Carat refers to the weight of gems, where 1 carat=200 milligrams. Karat refers to the purity of gold, where 24 karat gold is 100% pure, 18 K is 75% pure.

 

Carnelian

Carnelian or cornelian is an opaque mineral of a brownish-red color. As a semi-precious gemstone, the carnelian has been used to create beautiful decorative items since the Minoan Age. The relative softness of this material has allowed jewellers to engrave various designs on its surface and work with it in a more creative way, including by producing near round beads.

Carnelian

Chain Bracelet

Is a popular accessory for women and men that can be worn around the wrist or ankle. Unlike the one piece bangle it is semi flexible and can be made from several chain links tied together.

Chain Bracelet

Chain Necklaces

Necklaces can be made from virtually any material but the majority are made from metal links joined together to form a chain.

Chain Necklaces

Chandelier Earrings

Are a type of drop earring that is quite ornate and resembles the elaborate light of the same name, the primary part of the dangle sits below the ear lobe under the weight of gravity and hangs like fruit from a branch.

Chandelier Earrings

Channel Setting

The channel setting is a design embedded in rings that fits multiple precious stones of the same size and shape in a canal, without any spaces or metal separators in-between. Such a layout is usually found in wedding rings and anniversary bands.

Channel Setting

Charm

Charms can be simple items that add to a jewellery piece or can be in the form of an amulet that has the alleged magical power of protecting its owner from danger or bad luck. They can be added to necklaces or even bracelets.

Charm

Charm Bracelet

A bracelet can be a simple chain or cord item or it may have pendant like objects that attach to it, these are charms have become very popular of late and can be purchased with the original item or separately as add ons.

Charm Bracelet

Choker Necklace

A choker necklace fits tightly around the neck thus its apt name, its length of course depends on the individual, but as a guide it should be around 2 cms or an inch wider than the neck. The most common lengths are 14 to 18 inches or 35 to 45cm.

Choker Necklace

Chunky Bracelet

A chunky bracelet is a thick bulky item of jewellery that adorns the wrist and is most commonly associated with men but not exclusively. It can is most usually a thick curb link chain but can be made of any item and shape.

Chunky Bracelet

Chunky Necklace

A chunky necklace is the name attributed to a type of neck adornment that distinguishes itself through size and shape. Unlike other types of the necklaces, the chunky design is bigger and thicker, whether we are talking about the pendants hanging on the chain, or the chain itself and it can be solid as favoured by men or hollow for less weight which is favoured more by women.

Chunky Necklace

Citrine

The citrine is a variety of quartz crystal that earns its name by possessing a yellow-orange taint. Translucent and vividly coloured some darker citrine crystals can be easily mistaken with fine polished pieces of amber. Along with Topaz it is a birthstone for November.

Citrine

Clarity

The clarity is an attribute of precious stones or a grading scale. Whether a gemstone has a higher or lower level of clarity can make a big difference in establishing the value of the said gemstone. Diamonds have a slightly different scale than other gems.

Clarity

Claw Setting

The claw setting is a construction mechanism used in jewellery to set a stone in place via a series of metal “claws”. The claw setting is most popularly used in rings, earrings or to secure pendants on necklaces,

Claw Setting

Clip on Earrings

Clip on earrings are pieces of jewellery that hang on the ear lobe as opposed to items that go through it, they are designed especially for people that do not have pierced lobes or may even be irritated by certain metals. The method of attachment for these earrings is a clip-on mechanism that makes putting them on and taking them off extremely simple.

Clip on Earrings

Cluster Setting

The cluster setting is a model used in jewellery and decorative arts, where a large stone is surrounded by a multitude of other smaller stones to give an greater overall brilliance. It is seen on rings, bracelets and necklaces and the most common stone used is a diamond or simulant.

Cluster Setting

Clutch (Earrings)

The clutch is a mechanism or design that is made to hold an earring in place and prevent its loss. This mechanism accomplishes its purpose by using a post or notch to secure stability by friction.

Clutch (Earrings)

Collar Necklace

The collar necklace is by definition a very tight fitting item, so tight that there is little or no room between the neck and the collar, hence the name. It is usually around 30cms depending upon the size of the wearer.

Collar Necklace

Continous Hoop (Earring Clasp)

The continuous hoop fastening is mostly used on the large circular items and the method of attachment is constructed with a metal tubing being pierced by a thin wire that penetrates through the lobe and into the casing.

Continous Hoop (Earring Clasp)

Costume Jewellery

Are commonly inexpensive items that can look and feel just like the real item at a fraction of the cost. Studio Jewellery tends to deal in quality costume or fashion items that are virtually indistinguishable from items that can cost several thousand dollars.

Costume Jewellery

Cross Pendant

A cross pendant is a piece of jewellery hanging on a necklace that symbolises Christ or that the wearer is a Christian and usually has a closer connection to the person than a simple fashion item. It can be just a simple solid silver item or possibly more decorative covered with gems.

Cross Pendant

Crown

The crown refers to the very top piece of a gem stone or ring, it is the part that is usually most visible or in some cases the only part visible.

Crown

Crystals

A crystal, as it pertains to gems, is a hard type of mineral that has the atoms arranged in a perfectly ordered pattern that can extend in any direction. Several crystals in a rock is known as crystalline.

Crystals

Cuban Link Chain

A Cuban link chain is a relatively large type of necklace that has oval links tied closely together in an ordered interlinked rope like pattern.

Cuban Link Chain

Cubic Zirconia (CZ)

CZ is a synthesized material that is hard, flawless, can come in any colour and often simulates the look of diamonds in jewellery at a fraction of the cost of the real item. A cubic Zirconia is so flawless that under a microscope that is the telling difference between real diamonds that contain tiny flaws.

Cubic Zirconia (CZ)

Cuff Bracelet

A cuff bracelet is a wrist adornment made from a single piece of rigid material. The shape is curved with a narrow opening that allows the wearer to put the item on or off as opposed to a bangle which would have no break.

Cuff Bracelet

Cultured Pearl

A cultured pearl is created under special controlled conditions by a pearl farmer, they are usually nucleated in that the centre is added to the mollusc which then forms the shell around it. This type of pearl usually has a spherical regulated form and is used in pearl necklaces, earrings, rings or bracelets.

Cultured Pearl

Curb Chain

The curb chain is one where the links interlocks into themselves when laid completely flat and these make some of the most popular chains for all jewellery, particularly for items that have thicker widths. A figaro is a subset of a Curb.

Curb Chain

Cushion Cut Diamond

A cushion cut diamond mainly features rounded corners and large multi-faceted cuts for the highest possible refraction, It can be square or rectangular in shape and resembles a pillow, therefore, it is sometimes referred to as pillow cut.

Cushion Cut Diamond